Figures of concern particularly where diabetes is a chronic disease that is progressive. Diabetes can cause a variety of chronic complications in various vital organs, especially if it is not controlling blood sugar levels closely.
Diabetic foot complications is one of the chronic complications that are very scary for diabetisi. When injury occurs in the legs, which can be experienced the greatest risk is diabetisi major amputation (below knee) and minor (fingers only).
“Every 30 seconds, there is a diabetic amputees. Diabetic foot disorders can occur due to diabetisi control sugar levels that are not done properly and continuously. The main factor is the cause nerve damage and blood vessel disorders,” explained Prof. Dr. Sarwono Waspadji, Sp.PD (K) on Media Education “Diabetic Foot Disorders Do not Ignore! Perform Early Detection” at Le Meridien Hotel, Jakarta.
Nerves that have been damaged making diabetisi can not feel pain, heat, or cold in the feet and hands. As a result, injuries to the foot may worsen because diabetisi not aware of the injury. Nerve damage occurs in more than 50 percent diabetes patient. Common symptoms that occur are numbness and weakness in hands and feet.
“Early detection can prevent the risk of amputation in people with diabetes between 40 to 85 percent. How to prevent it was spelled out very easy and cheap, of whom perform foot examination each day, barefoot outside and inside the house, wear thick cotton socks to withstand collisions, using proper footwear to prevent sores and blisters, washing and drying feet every day, cutting the nails horizontally, and use lotion skin softener regularly,” he added.
Explained Prof Sarwono, consult a doctor if there is a change form in the legs or fingers blistered and hardened. Make sure the feet are not dry skin or chapped with lotion, and check if your nails look dull and thick and ingrown.
“The higher the risk of amputation in people with diabetes more than 10 years. Remember not to stab diabetisi eyelets in the foot with a sharp instrument,” he concluded.