Birthmarks in infants is often invisible. When the baby’s body properly addressed thoroughly, then parents find no birthmark on her baby. To be more familiar birthmark, here’s the types that can be learned, as quoted from the tabloid Mom & Kiddie.
Type of Birthmark in infants:
- Mongolian Spot
It comes in the form of signs that smooth, flat, and somewhat dark. Often found in the buttocks or lower back with a baby blue-gray, black and brown. Glance looks like a bruise, but not as dangerous as mongolian spots will disappear over time.
“Usually when the kids were heading past puberty, then these birthmarks will disappear by itself. Size also varies, there’s nothing like a bottle cap or even being around the buttocks. If the size is greater, may need to be sent to the doctor for fear of the side effects of such a large size,” said dr. Frances Tiosudarmin, SpKK.
- Salmon Patch
Also called a stork bite or stork bites. The birthmark is actually the blood vessels that appear on the skin surface in the form of pink, small, and flat.
Salmon patches contained in a third newborn, usually appear on the back of the neck (cervical), in between the eyes or on the forehead, nose, lower lip, and eyelid.
These birthmarks are harmless because as the growth of the baby salmon patches will disappear by itself. “Usually when the neck it rarely lost. Since being in an area that is not so visible and the color is not too flashy then no need to worry,” said Sisca.
- Port Wine Stain
The stains appear as a sign that flat, reddish pink and slowly turned up leads to a darker purplish-red color. Most of these spots will grow bigger and thicker.
Generally, the size is quite large birthmarks and are on one side. Often appear on the face, back or chest. Most often appears on the forehead and around the eyes, if this occurs in infants Moms, immediately consult a skin specialist and eye specialist to get further treatment.
Port wine stain (stains the cup of wine) is caused by the dilation of blood capillaries which occurs in one in 1,000 babies. This stain is actually harmless. It’s just that if there is a sign on around the eyelids, it can cause the risk of glaucoma, which is an increase of eye pressure. If so, this could be considered a sign of the beginning of the disease when the tumor vasculature is stain found on the face is the vital organs such as the eye.
Treatment that can be done is to perform laser therapy, surgery with skin grafting, or use cream or ointment.
Ie a collection of small blood vessels and clot. Occurs on the surface of the skin and is usually found on the face, scalp, back, and chest.
As the name implies, this birthmark the color red or purple and will grow bigger. These signs can occur in two of the 100 babies born. Hemangiomas will disappear ahead of a 9 year old child.
Moms need to know, this sign would be very dangerous if it appears in the area around the eyes and mouth, because it can affect vision and close the airway.
If the baby has a hemangioma Moms on the area mentioned above, immediately consult a physician to receive medical treatment.
- Venous Malformations
Actually hemangioma and venous malformation includes vascular tumor category. Venous malformations caused by abnormal conditions caused by dilated blood vessels.
Although it appears at birth, this sign can be slowly fading. Venous malformations appear in 1 to 4 percent of births. This mark usually appears in the jaw, cheek, tongue, and lips. Also appear in other parts of the body. This birthmark will grow slowly and do not disappear over time. Can be treated with sclerotherapy or surgery.
- Nevus Congenital (Congenital nevi)
Form moles that appear at birth and can grow anywhere with different sizes there are more than 1 cm to 20 cm. This congenital nevi occurred in one per cent of births. The majority of moles are brown, black-haired and some have is not dangerous. But, conginental large nevus has a big risk of melanoma that is a deadly type of skin cancer. For, it immediately consult a doctor if there is a congenital nevi with large size.
- Café-au-Lait Spot
Sign is seen in infants in an oval shape with bright colors until lightly browned. Café-au-lait taken from the French servings of coffee means coffee and milk.
These points are easily found at the waist, buttocks, and will increasingly darker with age. Irregularly shaped and flat on the skin with a size ranging from 3-5 mm.
When only one spot, birthmark does not need special handling. To watch, if there are five or more café-au-lait spots with a diameter of more than 5 mm, immediately consult a specialist doctor because it could be a sign of a disease neurofibromatosis (tumors) and McCune-Albright syndrome (a genetic disease that affects bone health, puberty and thyroid).
- Pigmented nevi (moles)
A pigmented spots on the skin. In layman is also known as a mole (mole). This marks can appear when cells in the skin grow in groups and not spread throughout the skin. Moles can appear alone or in groups and can appear in all parts of the body. Such as skin color, brown or black can fade in adulthood and may disappear over time.
Moles is basically a benign skin tumor. The majority of moles are harmless, but that large could have evolved to become malignant and at risk of skin cancer.
We need to recognize the signs if it includes malignant among others: there are ulcerations (sores) and spontaneous bleeding, enlarged and darker colored, pigment spread into the surrounding skin, there are lesions smaller surrounding it, inflammatory without prior trauma, pain and itching.
Usually large moles or moles that are small but suspicious, it is recommended to be appointed or surgery.